Ulcerative colitis is also called Inflammatory bowel disease. Ulcerative colitis is a disease of the colon in which multiple ulcers develop inside the colon. It can affect the rectum or the left colon (left sided colitis) or it can involve the entire colon.
The main symptom of ulcerative colitis is bloody diarrhoea. Mucus is usually present. When the diarrhoea does not subside even after treatment, one should suspect ulcerative colitis. Long standing untreated ulcerative colitis can cause problems such as narrowing of the intestine, leakage & sometimes cancer, as per ulcerative colitis specialist.
Ulcerative colitis treatment is usually done by an ulcerative colitis specialist. The doctor usually will advise medicines, most common of which is mesalamine. The treatment may be started with a steroid medicine such as prednisolone & later on a medicine called Azathioprine may be added.
When the medical treatment is not able to control frequent relapses or when the complication develops, ulcerative colitis surgery is advised. The operation involves removal of the entire colon & its replacement with a pouch created from the small intestine. The most commonly performed pouch is J shaped.
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